The area under vine in the Penedès covers 26,000 hectares, with a density of 2300-3000 vines per hectare. This territory extends along the Mediterranean coast from Martorell to Roda de Barà and is divided into three zones: the Upper Penedès, the Central and the Lower Penedès.
The influence of the sea and the sun makes the Central and Lower Penedès, with its warm and mild climate, ideal for harvesting traditional white varieties such as Xarel·lo, Macabeo (Viura) and Chardonnay, as well as the red varieties such as Tempranillo, Cabernet Sauvignon or Merlot.
The Upper Penedès is more of an inland area, whose vineyards can reach 800 metres and where the white grape variety of Parellada is in the majority, along with others such as Riesling, Gewurztraminer or Muscat of Alexandria as well as red varieties such as Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon or Pinot Noir
In general, the soils here are deep, sandy, clay-based and permeable and they retain rainwater well.
As is generally the case in quality wine regions, in the Penedès the soil is poor in organic matter and lime.